Hydroponics is an increasingly popular method of growing plants that uses a nutrient-rich solution with a water base, which means that soil isn’t used at all in a hydroponics system. Instead, the roots of the plants are supported by such substances as peat moss, clay pellets, perlite, and rockwool. When you’re looking to create or use a hydroponic system to grow plants, there are hundreds of variations of hydroponic systems available for you to use. However, there are only six types of hydroponic systems under which all variations are situated.
Each type of hydroponic system works in a different way, which means that all six hydroponic systems have their own distinct pros and cons for you to consider. When you’re getting ready to use a hydroponic system for growing plants, you should know how each system works to fully understand how to use the one that you select. The following offers an extensive and thorough look at the six types of hydroponic systems, which should make it easier for you to determine which system is right for you.
Hydroponics is an effective method for growing plants that places the plants in a water solution that’s rich in nutrients. Instead of using soil to grow the plants, the roots of the plants come into direct contact with the nutrient-rich solution. The plants will also have access to a substantial amount of oxygen, which helps to facilitate growth. The primary advantage of using hydroponics to grow plants is that it allows for a much quicker growth rate.
If you create the right hydroponic system and keep the water free from impurities with the sensors mentioned in the Water Treatment of Hydroponic Systems article, the growth rate can be up to 30 percent faster than soil-based planting methods. There are six separate types of hydroponic systems that you can use, which include the following:
- Wick System
- Water Culture
- Ebb and Flow
- N.F.T. (Nutrient Film Technology)
- Aeroponic systems