How Vertical Farming Works
There are four critical areas in understanding how vertical farming works:
1. Physical layout,
3. Growing medium, and
4. Sustainability features.
Second, per square meter, the primary objective of vertical farming is to produce more food. In order to achieve this purpose, in a tower life system, crops are cultivated in stacked layers. Secondly, to maintain the perfect light level in the room, a perfect combination of natural and artificial lights is used. To maximize lighting efficiency, technologies such as rotating beds are used.
Thirdly, aeroponic, aquaponic or hydroponic growth media are used instead of soil. In vertical farming, peat moss or coconut husks and comparable non-soil media are very common. Finally, to offset the energy cost of farming, the vertical farming approach uses different sustainability features. Vertical farming currently uses 95 percent less water.
It is not the only benefit of vertical farming to have greater production from a limited cultivation area. Some of the main advantages of vertical farming include the following:
Increased crop production and year-round: Vertical farming enables us to harvest more crops from the same square footage of the growing area. In reality, 1 acre of an indoor area provides at least 4-6 acres of outdoor capacity with equivalent output.
Less Use of Water in Agriculture: Vertical farming helps us to grow crops with 70 to 95 percent less water than regular cultivation requires.
Not affected by unfavorable weather conditions: natural calamities such as torrential rains, cyclones, floods or extreme droughts will adversely affect crops in a region, events that are becoming increasingly frequent as a result of global warming. The unfavorable weather is less likely to be felt by indoor vertical farms, offering greater assurance of harvest production across the year.
Increased organic crop production: As crops are grown without the use of chemical pesticides in a well-controlled indoor climate, vertical farming enables us to grow pesticide-free and organic crops.
Environmentally Friendly: Indoor vertical farming will reduce the occupational risks associated with conventional farming significantly. Farmers are not exposed to risks associated with heavy farming machinery, diseases such as malaria, hazardous substances, etc. Since inland areas do not disturb animals and trees, it is also good for biodiversity.
Vertical Farming in the United States
In more than 20 supermarket chains in almost every major metropolitan area in the world, shoppers can now find goods produced indoors by more than 23 large vertical farms.